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A generation which ignores history has no past -- and no future.

Robert Heinlein

History of Hartford, (Windsor County) Vermont

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Biographical Sketch of William Strong

William Strong, representative, was born in Lebanon, Conn., in 1763; son of Benajah and Polly (Bacon) Strong, and a descendant of Elder John Strong, of Northampton. His father was one of the pioneer settlers of Hartford, Vt., and William obtained a limited education. He engaged in business as a land surveyer, and as a farmer in Hartford. He was a Democratic representative in the state legislature, 1798-99, 1801-02 and 1815-18; sheriff of Windsor county, 1802-10; a representative in the 12th, 13th and 16th congresses, 1811-15 and 1819-21; judge of the supreme court of Windsor county in 1817, and a member of the council of censors in 1834. He was married, June 17, 1793, to Abigail Hutchinson, of Norwich, Conn. He died in Hartford, Vt., Jan. 28, 1840.

From: Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans, Johnson, Rossiter, editor

Biographical Sketch of Horace Webster

Horace Webster, educator, was born in Hartford, Vt., Sept. 21, 1794. He was graduated from the U.S. Military academy and was commissioned 2d lieutenant, July 24, 1818, served as assistant professor of mathematics at the academy, 1818-23, was promoted 1st lieutenant, April 5, 1820, and was principal-assistant professor of mathematics, 1823-25. He resigned his commission Dec. 31,1825, was professor of mathematics and natural philosophy at Geneva college, N.Y., 1825-48, and was president of the College of the City of New York, 1848-69, at the same time holding the professorship of moral and intellectual philosophy, 1851-52, and of moral, intellectual and political philosophy, 1852-69. He was professor emeritus, 1869-71. He received the honorary degrees, A.M. from the College of New Jersey, 1824, LL.D. from Kenyon college, 1842, and from Columbia college, 1849, and M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania, 1850. He died in Geneva, N.Y., July 12, 1871.

From: Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans, Johnson, Rossiter, editor

A Biography of James Marsh

James Marsh, educator, was born in Hartford, Vt., July 19, 1794; son of Daniel and Marion (Harper) Marsh; grandson of Lieut.-Gov. Joseph and Dorothy (Mason) Marsh, and of Col. James Harper of East Windsor, Conn., and a descendant of John Marsh (born 1618) who came to Massachusetts from England in 1685, settled at Newtown, removed to Hartford, Conn., in 1636, where in 1640 he married Anne, daughter of Governor John Webster, and in 1660 became one of the first settlers of Hadley, Mass. James was brought up on his father's farm, prepared for college, and was graduated valedictorian at Dartmouth in 1817. He was a student at Andover Theological seminary, 1817-18, a tutor at Dartmouth college, 1818-20; and was graduated at Andover in 1829. He lost his health by over study, and in 1824 went to Hampden-Sidney college, Va., where he edited the college magazine and was professor of languages and Biblical literature, 1824-26. He was ordained to the Congregational ministry at Hanover, Mass., Oct. 12, 1824. He was president of the University of Vermont, 1826-33; and professor of moral and intellectual philosophy, 1833-42. He received the degree of D.D. from Columbia in 1830 and from Amherst in 1833. He was married, Oct. 14, 1824, to Lucia, daughter of John Wheelock. She died Aug. 18, 1828, and he was married secondly, Jan. 1, 1835, to Laura, sister of his deceased wife. He contributed a series of papers on "Popular Education" to the Vermont Chronicle under the pen name "Philopolis" (1829); translated from the German Herder's "Spirit of Hebrew Poetry" (1833); and is the author of Preliminary Essay to Coleridge's "Aids to Reflection "(1829), Selections from the'Old English' Writers on Practical Theology (1830). Joseph Torrey, University of Vermont, published "Memoir and Remains of Rev. Dr. Marsh" (1843). He died in Colchester, Vt., July 3, 1842.

From: Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans, Johnson, Rossiter, editor

Horace Wells Biography

Horace Wells, dentist, was born in Hartford, Vt., Jan. 21, 1815. He prepared for the dental profession in Boston, Mass., 1834-36; practised in Hartford, Vt., 1836-41, and 1843-46; was in Boston in partnership with Dr. W. T. G. Morton, 1841-43; and after 1847 practised in New, York city. In 1840 Dr. Wells became convinced of the anaesthetic quality of nitrous oxide gas for preventing pain in dental operations. This idea he put into practice, being himself the subject of his first experiment, and in January, 1845, made an unsuccessful demonstration before Dr. Warren's medical class at Harvard college, owing to the insufficiency of gas administered to the patient. In 1846 Dr. W. T. G. Morton , his former partner, proved that sulphuric ether could be used in the same manner as gas, and obtained a patent for his discovery. Dr. C. T. Jackson also made a similar claim for chloroform dissolved in alcohol, and Dr. Crawford W. Long of Georgia had used sulphuric ether in surgical practice so early as 1842. Thus the honor of having made the original discovery of an?sthesia had four distinguished claimants. Dr. Wells and Dr. Morton applied to the Institute of France, the former in person, receiving the honor of an M.D. degree. While in Europe he supported himself by the selling of pictures, and by lecturing on birds, having been always interested in ornithology. The humiliation of his failure to obtain recognition of his discovery and the excessive use of ether to which he became addicted upon his return to New York city, resulted in mental aberration and the taking of his own life. He invented and patented most of his own instruments, also a new solder for fastening false teeth to the plate. He is the author of the pamphlet: A History of the Application of Nitrous-Oxide Gas, Ether and other Vapors to Surgical Operations (1847). A bronze bust of Dr. Wells by Truman H. Bartlett was placed by the dentists of America in Bushnell park, Hartford, Vt., and in 1853 his cause Was defended in the U.S. senate by Truman Smith, and published as: "An Examination of the Question of An?sthesia" (1859). See also Smith's "An Inquiry into the Origin of Modern An?sthesia" (1867). The fiftieth anniversary of the discovery of an?sthesia by Dr. Wells was celebrated by the American Dental association in Philadelphia, Pa., Dec. 11, 1894. See: "The Discovery of An?sthesia by Dr. Horace Wells" (1900). Dr. Wells died in New York city, Jan. 24, 1848.

From: Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans, Johnson, Rossiter, editor

Joseph Marsh Biographical Sketch
Henry Allen Hazen - A Biography

Vermont Facts:
Tree: sugar maple
Bird: hermit thrush
Flower: red clover
Nickname: Green Mountain State
Motto: Freedom and Unity
Area (sq. mi.): 9,609
Capitol: Montpelier
Admitted: 4 Mar 1791

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Hartford is situated 120 meters above sea level.

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