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A generation which ignores history has no past -- and no future.

Robert Heinlein

History of Poultney, (Rutland County) Vermont

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Biographical Sketch of James Ryland Kendrick

James Ryland Kendrick, educator, was born in Poultney, Vt., April 21, 1821; son of the Rev. Clark and Esther (Thompson) Kendrick. He studied at Hamilton Theological institute, N.Y., and was graduated from Brown with honors, A.B., 1840, A.M., 1848. He taught school in Georgia, 1840-42; was licensed and ordained at Forsyth, Ga., in 1842; and was pastor of the Baptist church at Macon, Ga., 1843-47; of the First Baptist church at Charleston, S.C., 1847-53; founded the Citadel Square cburch at Charleston, and was its pastor, 1853-62, and was pastor of the Baptist church and principal of an academy in Madison, Ga., 1862-65. At the close of the civil war he removed to New York city, and was pastor of the Tabernacle Baptist church, 1855-72; of the Baptist church in Poughkeepsie, N.Y., 1873-80; and of Mt. Morris church, Harlem, New York city, 1882-85. He was a personal friend of Matthew Vassar, who was one of his parishioners and who induced him to become a trustee of Vassar college. After the resignation of President Caldwell in 1885, Dr. Kendrick was president of the college until the election of James Monroe Taylor in 1886. After his death, his wife, Georgia (Avery) Kendrick, became lady principal of the college. The degree of D.D. was conferred upon him by the University of Rochester in 1866. He was associate editor of the Southern Baptist, at Charleston, S.C.; compiled the Woman's College Hymnal (1887); published many sermons and addresses, and contributed to periodical literature. He died in Poughkeepsie, N.Y., Dec. 11, 1889.

From: Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans, Johnson, Rossiter, editor

A Biography of Heman Allen

Heman Allen, lawyer, was born in Poultney, Vt., Feb. 23, 1779, son of Heber Allen, and nephew of Ethan Allen. In 1795 he was graduated from Dartmouth college, and after studying law he was appointed, in 1808, sheriff of Chittenden county, Vt., serving two years. From 1811 to 1814 he was chief justice of the county court, and from 1812 to 1817 a member of the lower house of the state legislature. While in the latter body he received the appointment of quartermaster of militia, with the title of brigadier-general. In 1817 he was elected a representative in Congress, but resigned the following year to accept from President Monroe the position of United States marshal for the district of Vermont. In 1823 President Monroe appointed him United States minister to Chili, where he remained until 1828. He married Elizabeth Hart, one of "the seven graces of Stratford." He resigned in 1828, and from 1830 to 1836 was president of the United States branch bank at Burlington; and at the expiration of its charter he removed to Highgate, Vt., where he died April 9, 1852.

From: Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans, Johnson, Rossiter, editor

George Jones - A Biography

George Jones, editor, was born in Poultney, Vt., Aug. 16, 1811. His father immigrated from Wales and settled in Poultney about 1798, where he cultivated a farm and worked in the slate quarries. George was brought up in these rural surroundings, and his first employment outside the farm and quarries was as clerk for Amos Bliss, proprietor of The Northern Spectator and of a country store. Horace Greeley was a typesetter, and George Jones a clerk in the store at the same time. In 1824 his father and mother both died, and he went first to Burlington, Vt., and then to Albany, N.Y. He drifted to New York city, where Greeley also went about the same time. Here they met again, and Greeley, who had a job in a printing office at six dollars per week, gave what assistance he could to his friend in finding employment, which he did, in a dry-goods store. When Greeley founded the New Yorker, Jones advised him not to give credit to subscribers and advertisers, but Greeley did not take this advice, and the New Yorker failed. When he founded the Tribune, in 1841, he offered Jones an interest in the paper, which Jones declined, but he finally became business manager. Jones subsequently went to Albany, where he had already established a news agency, to take personal control of the business, and from the profits he established a banking business. Here he again met Henry J. Raymond, who had been reporter on the Tribune during his service as business manager. The two men then planned the establishment of the New York Times, which was started Sept. 18, 1851, as a penny paper, with H. J. Raymond as editor, and George Jones as publisher, and in one year it had a daily circulation of 26,000 copies, but not a sufficient revenue to meet expenses. Mr. Jones advanced the price to two cents, and the circulation fell to 18,000, but soon began to pay, and Raymond and Jones controlled the Times till Mr. Raymond's death in 1869. He then assumed full control of the paper, and secured as editor, first, John Bigelow, and subsequently, Louis J. Jennings. In 1870 he began his war against the "Tweed ring" in New York city, and conducted the investigations that led to the exposure of the gigantic scheme then in existence to defraud the city. Mr. Jones was offered $5,000,000 if he would drop the matter and go to Europe, which he indignantly refused, and in a few days the proofs of the fraud appeared in the columns of the Times. He erected, in 1886-90, a new "Times Building" around the shell of the old, which was still used every day and night in issuing the paper. He was a personal friend of General Grant, and it was through his wise forethought and personal generosity that a fund of $250,000 was raised, which gave an assured income to the general during his last days, and to his family afterward. He was one of the founders of the Union League club, and a vestryman of All Souls P. E. church. He was married, in 1836, to Sarah M. Gilbert, of Troy, N.Y. They celebrated their golden wedding in 1886, and she survived her husband. Their son, Gilbert E. Jones, succeeded as business manager of the Times. George Jones, died at Poland Springs, Maine, Aug. 12, 1891.

From: Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans, Johnson, Rossiter, editor

Asahel Clark Kendrick Biographical Sketch

Asahel Clark Kendrick, educator, was born in Poultney, Vt., Dec. 7, 1809; son of the Rev. Clark and Esther (Thompson) Kendrick. He was graduated at Hamilton college in 1831, was tutor in the Literary and Theological institute at Hamilton (Colgate university), and was appointed professor of Greek and Latin languages in 1832. He held the chair of Greek until 1850, when he accepted the chair of Greek language and literature at the newly established University of Rochester, which he held until 1888. He spent the years 1852-54 in Europe, where he studied Greek at the University of Athens, and visited several Italian and German universities, investigating their educational methods. He was professor of Hebrew and New Testament in the Rochester Theological seminary, 1865-68; and was appointed a member of the committee on the New Testament revision, Oct. 4, 1872. He received the honorary degree of D.D. from Union in 1848, and that of LL.D. from the University of Lewisburg in 1872. He refused professorships in Hamilton, Waterville and Brown, and the presidency of Brown. He is the author of: A Child's Book in Greek; Introduction to the Greek Language ; Greek Ollendorf (1852); a revised edition of the English Translation of Olshausen's "Commentary on the New Testament" (6 vols., 1853-58); Echoes (1855) ; Life of Linus W. Peck; Life and Letters of Emily C. Judson (1860); a translation of the Epistle to the Hebrews (1865); Our Poetical Favorites (3 vols., 1870, 1875, 1880); an edition of Xenophon's Anabasis (1873); a revision of "Bullion's Greek Grammar"; a revision of Meyer's "Commentary on John" (1885); the greater part of the Life of Rev. James S. Dickerson (1879); The Moral Conflict of Humanity (1894); Life of Martin B. Anderson (1895), and many sermons and magazine articles. He died in Rochester, N.Y., Oct. 21, 1895.

From: Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans, Johnson, Rossiter, editor

Clark Kendrick Biographical Sketch
Biographical Sketch of Hiram Todd Dewey
Biographical Sketch of Herman Hooker

Vermont Facts:
Tree: sugar maple
Bird: hermit thrush
Flower: red clover
Nickname: Green Mountain State
Motto: Freedom and Unity
Area (sq. mi.): 9,609
Capitol: Montpelier
Admitted: 4 Mar 1791

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Poultney is situated 131 meters above sea level.

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