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History of Annandale, (Fairfax County) Virginia
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Local History Notes:
Civil War Engagements near Annandale VA
Annandale, VA., Dec. 2, 1861. 45th New York Infantry. At
1 p.m. about 200 Confederate cavalry attacked the several
pickets of the 45th N. Y. at a barricade on an unfinished
railroad and elsewhere between Annandale Station and the
Alexandria and Fairfax Court House Turnpike. No resistance was
made, for the reason that the pickets believed the cavalrymen
to be United States troops, who usually made their rounds about
that time of Day. Gen. Blenker said in his report that, "they
were overpowered and had to fall back into the Woods, where,
under command of Capt. Weller, they made a stand, firing on the
enemy." The Confederates in three detachments passed the
barricade, surprised two men of the 32nd N. Y. and made them
prisoners, but not before the batteries had fired at them. The
enemy then turned and retreated at full speed, again passing
the barricade without molestation from the pickets, some of
whom they captured. Blenker adds that two companies at Cox's
Farm and a small squad of mounted rifles were despatched to the
vicinity of the barricade, charged on the Confederates and
drove them back toward Centerville, following them 2 Miles.
Federal Loss, 1 killed, 14 prisoners; Confederate loss, 3
killed, 2 prisoners.
Annandale, VA., Oct. 18, 1863. Under Date Oct. 19, Maj.
Mosby reported to Gen. Stuart that Near Annandale the Day
before he had, without loss to his own command, been involved
in A Sharp skirmish with double the Number of his own cavalry,
in which he had routed the Federals, capturing their captain in
command and 6 or 7 men and horses. No Federal report of the
affair is to be found.
Annandale, VA., Near, Oct. 22, 1863. A detachment of Col.
L. C. Baker's Battalion, First District cavalry, and a
detachment of the California Battalion, encountered a squad of
Mosby's men near the Little River turnpike, 3 Miles from
Fairfax Court House, between that point and Annandale, and
killed 1 and captured 3 of them.
Annandale, VA., March 16, 1864. Some cavalry stragglers
from Kilpatrick's command were captured by a small band of
guerrillas below this town. Two of them guarded by a like
Number of guerrillas killed their guards and escaped.
Annandale, VA., Aug. 24, 1864. 26th Michigan Infantry and
I6th New York Cavalry. Col. Mosby with about 250 men attacked
the stockade at Annandale shortly after 5 a. m. Posting 2
pieces of artillery on the right and left of the road beyond
Carbine Range, he sent a flag of truce to demand surrender.
Under cover of this flag he advanced his 2 field-pieces to
within 400 yards of the stockade, one menacing its southwest,
the other at its northwest corner. Surrender was decisively
refused. Then a detachment of about 100 of his men charged up
toward the entrance of the stockade, but meeting a volley they
swerved to the south and were deployed south and east of the
stockade. Twice more a surrender was demanded and refused, the
last time with the threat from Capt. Mickles, commanding the
garrison, that another flag of truce would be fired on.
Mosby's artillery firing was so wild that though it was
continued over an hour no Federal was wounded. Probably
fearing Federal reinforcement, Mosby Sent his field-pieces up
the Fairfax Court House Road and his entire force retreated
slowly. A sergeant and two men on picket were captured.
Confederate loss, 1 killed, 3 wounded.
SOURCE: The Union Army A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-65 -- Records of the Regiments in the Union Army -- Cyclopedia of Battles -- Memoirs of Commanders and Soldiers. 8 vols. Madison: Federal Publishing, 1908.
Tree: flowering dogwood
Nickname: Mother of Presidents, The Old Dominion
Motto: Sic Semper Tyrannis (Thus Always To Tyrants)
Area (sq. mi.): 40,817
Admitted: 26 Jun 1788
Annandale is situated 110 meters above sea level.