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A generation which ignores history has no past -- and no future.

Robert Heinlein

History of Chillicothe, (Ross County) Ohio

Featured Picture:

U.S. Industrial Reformatory, Chillicothe OH ca 1949


Biography of Sarah (Worthington) King Peter

Sarah (Worthington) King Peter, philanthropist, was born in Chillicothe, Ohio, May 16, 1800; daughter of Gov. Thomas and Eleanor (Swearingen) Worthington, and granddaughter of Robert Worthington of Berkeley county, Va. She was married in 1816 to Edward, son of the Hon. Rufus King , and made her borne in Cincinnati, Ohio. Her husband died and she was married secondly, in 1844, to William Peter, British consul at Philadelphia, Pa., and during her residence in that city, she established the School of Design for Women, which was opened, Dec. 2, 1850. She returned to Cincinnati after the death of Mr. Peter in 1853, and established the Ladies' Academy of Art, which became the Art School of Cincinnati. She was converted to the Roman Catholic faith in 1856, making nine pilgrimages to Rome, on special visits to the Holy Father, and founded at least twenty sisterhoods and convents in the archdioceses of Philadelphia and Cincinnati. She purchased paintings and other works of art in Europe for the Cincinnati art school, and statues of saints which she presented to different Catholic churches. She bequeathed her wealth to charitable institutions and died at Cincinnati, Ohio, Feb. 6, 1877.

From: Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans, Johnson, Rossiter, editor

Biography of Edwin Dun

Edwin Dun, diplomatist, was born in Chillicothe, Ohio, in July, 1848. He was a nephew of Allan G. Thurman, U.S. senator. He was chief of the agricultural bureau colonization department, Japan, 1873-84. In 1884 President Cleveland appointed him second secretary of the U.S. legation in Japan, and in 1885 first secretary. His popularity with the Mikado, the court and the diplomatic officials constrained President Harrison to continue him in the office and in 1893 President Cleveland promoted him U.S. minister to Japan. He cooperated with the United States minister to China, Charles Denby, in an amicable settlement of the issues between China and Japan arising out of the war of 1894-95. In 1897 he opened large mercantile houses in Yokohama.

From: Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans, Johnson, Rossiter, editor

A Biography of Lucy Ware Webb Hayes

Lucy Ware Webb Hayes, wife of Rutherford B. Hayes, nineteenth President of the United States, was born in Chillicothe, Ohio, Aug. 28, 1831; daughter of Dr. James and Maria (Cook) Webb. Her father, a prominent physician of Chillicothe, was a native of North Carolina where with his father he owned a number of slaves whom they liberated and sent to Liberia in 1833. Her mother was a daughter of Judge Isaac Cook of Connecticut. She was graduated at Wesleyan female college, Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1852, and was married to Rutherford B. Hayes, Dec. 30, 1852. When her husband was in the Union army in West Virginia, she was with him in camp in the care of the sick and wounded. As wife of the governor of Ohio, of a U.S. representative in congress at Washington, and as mistress of the White House, she entertained with much grace, and her success as hostess was marked by the fact that she would not allow wine to be served at the table even on state occasions. This, while it caused some adverse comment, was applauded by advocates of temperance, and the prohibitionists presented her with various testimonials. Her independence was in marked contrast to usage and brought her in favor with a new element in the social life of the national capital. She was an organizer of the Ohio Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' home and one of its directors; was connected with the Woman's Relief Corps; president of the Woman's Home Missionary society of the M.E. church; and an honorary member of the Society of the Army of West Virginia, and of various temperance organizations throughout the world. She died in Fremont, Ohio, June 25. 1859.

From: Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans, Johnson, Rossiter, editor

Biographical Sketch of Joshua Woodrow Sill

Joshua Woodrow Sill, soldier, was born in Chillicothe, Ohio, Dec. 6, 1831; son of Joseph and Elizabeth (Woodrow) Sill; grandson of the Rev. Richard and Eunice (Lee) Sill, and a descendant of John Sill, who emigrated from England with his wife and children in 1637 and settled in Cambridge, Mass. Joshua was graduated from the U.S. Military academy and brevetted 2d lieutenant in the ordnance department, July 1, 1853; served as an assistant at Watervliet arsenal, New York, 1853?54, and was promoted 2d lieutenant, May 11, 1854. He was assistant professor of geography, history, and ethics in the U.S. Military academy, 1854?57; was promoted 1st lieutenant, July 1, 1856; served on special duty at the arsenal in Allegheny, Pa., 1857?58, and commanded the ordnance depot at Vancouver, Washington Territory, 1858?59. He was an assistant at the arsenal at Watervliet, N.Y., and Fort Munroe, Va., 1859?60, commanded the ordnance depot at Leavenworth, Kan., in 1860, and resigned from the service, Jan. 25, 1861. He was professor and mathematics and civil engineering in the Collegiate and Polytechnic Institute at Brooklyn, N.Y., in 1861; served as assistant adjutant-general of the state of Ohio, April to July, 1861, and participated in the Western Virginia campaign, being engaged in the combat of Rich Mountain on July 11. He was appointed colonel of the 33d Ohio volunteers, Aug. 27, 1861, engaged in the advance on Bowling Green, Ky., and Nashville, Tenn., and in the operations in North Alabama he marched to Huntsville, Ala., took possession of the railroad from Decatur to Stephenson and captured valuable stores. He was promoted brigadier-general of volunteers, July 16, 1862, and commanded a division of McCook's corps in the Army of the Ohio in the advance into Kentucky. He engaged Kirby Smith at Lawrenceburg, succeeded in joining his corps at Perryville on Oct. 11, three days after the battle and joined in the pursuit of General Bragg's army. He marched toward Nashville, Tenn., joined the Army of the Cumberland in command of the 1st (late 37th) brigade of Sheridan's 3d (late 11th) corps, and was killed in the battle of Stone's River, Tenn., while giving the order to charge, Dec. 31, 1862.

From: Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans, Johnson, Rossiter, editor

John Porter Brown Biography
A Biography of William Creighton
Joseph Salathiel Skerrett Biography
Thomas MacArthur Anderson - A Biography
Marha Finley Biographical Sketch
Biography of Joseph Scott Fullerton

Ohio Facts:
Tree: buckeye
Bird: cardinal
Flower: scarlet carnation
Nickname: Buckeye State
Motto: With God, All Things Are Possible
Area (sq. mi.): 41,222
Capitol: Columbus
Admitted: 1 Mar 1803

Ross County Facts:

Seat: Chillicothe
Established: 1798
Formed from: Adams and Washington

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Chillicothe is situated 192 meters above sea level.

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