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History of Jamaica Plain, (Suffolk County) Massachusetts
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The Biography of Richard Saltonstall Greenough
Richard Saltonstall Greenough, sculptor, was born in Jamaica Plain, Mass., April 27, 1819; son of David and Elisabeth (Bender) Greenough, and a brother of Henry Greenough (1807-1883). He studied art in Italy and was particularly successful as a sculptor of portrait busts. On his return to the United States he removed to Newport, R.I., and produced many works in bronze and marble. Among the more famous are: a portrait bust of William H. Prescott (1843); Head of Christ (1850); Moses and the Daughter of Pharaoh (1850); Cupid Warming an Icicle (1852); The Shepherd's Boy and the Eagle (1853); A Carthaginian Woman; Caped on a Tortoise; Elaine; Circe; a bronze statue of Benjamin Franklin which was placed in the city hall square, Boston, Mass.; the heroic statue of Governor Winthrop, ordered by the state of Massachusetts for the capitol at Washington, and a figure of Psyche which was erected as a monument to his wife, Sarah Dana (Loring) Greenough (1827-1885), the author of Treason at Home (1865); Arabesques (1871); In Extremis (1872); a poem entitled Mary Alagdalene (1880), and a collection of poems which he published in 1887.
Biographical Sketch of Elizabeth Palmer Peabody
Elizabeth Palmer Peabody, kindergartener, was born in Billerica, Mass., May 16, 1804; daughter of Dr. Nathaniel Peabody. She studied Greek under Emerson; was assistant to Bronson Alcott and Dr. Channing, and continued to teach in Boston, 1822-49, residing at Jamaica Plain, Mass. She was one of the first to introduce the kindergarten system of instruction in the United States, and in 1858 published an article on kindergarten training in the Christian Examiner. In 1862 she published a "Kindergarten Guide," which created a widespread interest in the work, leading to the establishment of several schools, which proved unsuccessful. She went to Germany to visit the kindergartens which Froebel and his colleagues had organized, and on her return to Boston in 1868 publicly repudiated her former methods of teaching and re-wrote her "Kindergarten Guide." Training classes were established and the reform took a firm hold. She was known as the "Mother of Kindergartens in America." She is the author of: ?sthetic Papers (1849); Crimes of the House of Austria (1852); The Polish American System of Chronology (1852); Kindergarten in Italy (1872); a revised edition of Mary Mann's "Guide to the Kindergarten and Intermediate Class; and a Moral Culture of Infancy" (1877); Reminiscences of Dr. Channing (1880); Letters to Kindergarteners (1886): Last Evening with Allston (1887). She died at Jamaica Plain, Mass., Jan. 3, 1894.
Charles C. Carpenter Biographical Sketch
Charles C. Carpenter, naval officer, was born in Leyden, Mass., Feb. 27, 1834; son of David N. and Maria P. (Newcomb) Carpenter. He was appointed midshipman from Massachusetts, Oct. 1, 1850, and from 1851 to 1855 was attached to the sloop Portsmouth of the Pacific squadron. During 1855-56 he was at the naval academy, and June 20, 1856, he was promoted passed midshipman. Until 1858 he was with the home squadron. He was promoted lieutenant, Jan. 23, 1858; served on the Mohawk off Cuba, 1859-60, and on the Flag and the Catskill of the South Atlantic squadron, 1862-63; participating in the attacks on Charleston, S. C. He was promoted lieutenant commander, July 16, 1862; served at the naval academy, 1864-65; on the flagship Hartford of the Asiatic squadron, 1866-67, and commanded the Wyoming 1868. He was stationed at the Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N. H., 1868-69, and in 1871; was promoted commander in March, 1869; served on the North Atlantic squadron, 1871-72 and 1875-76, and was promoted captain March 25, 1880. He was at the Boston navy yard 1880-2; commanded the Hartford 1882-4; the receiving ship Wabash 1888-90, and the Portsmouth navy yard 1890-94. He was promoted commodore, May 15, 1893; rear admiral 1894; commanded the Asiatic squadron 1894-96, and was retired, Feb. 27, 1896. During the Spanish-American war he served as commandant of the Portsmouth navy yard. He committed suicide at Jamaica Plain, Mass., April 2, 1899.
A Biography of Charles Akerman Jackson
Charles Akerman Jackson, portrait painter, was born in Jamaica Plain, Boston, Mass., Aug. 13, 1857; son of Charles Edward and Caroline Emily (Akerman) Jackson; grandson of William and Laviah (Leach) Jackson and of Charles and Lucy (Metcalf) Akerman. Both his father and his grandfather were born in the "old Jackson house at Christian Shore," Portsmouth, N.H., built in 1604 and still standing in 1901, Charles A. Jackson attended the public schools of Boston, studied music under W. J. D. Leavitt of that city, and was for a few years a church organist. He received careful instruction in art, one of his teachers being John M. Arnold. Having a natural gift for portrait painting, he devoted himself to that branch of art, having studies in Providence, R.I., and Boston, until 1896, after which he located permanently in the latter city. He was married in 1883, and had one son, Howard B. Jackson. He was elected a member of the American Art society in 1897. His sitters include many prominent men, and following is a partial list of his more important portraits: John Ruskin (by permission from Brantwood); William Morris, for the Morris studios, Boston; Prof. J. W. P. Jenks, for Rhode Island Hall, Brown university; Mr. Horace B. Claflin, of New York; the Rt. Rev. Phillips Brooks, for the Y.M.C.U.; the Rev. Dr. A. J. Gordon, for the American Baptist Missionary union, Tremont Temple; the Rev. Dr. George C. Lorimer; the Rev. Dr. Alexander McKenzie, of Cambridge, Mass.; Dr. Alonzo D. Quint, for the Congregational Library, Boston; James G. Haynes, ex-president of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanics' association.
Suffolk County Facts:Seat: Boston
Formed from: Original County
Jamaica Plain is situated 22 meters above sea level.