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History of Adairsville, (Bartow County) Georgia
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Local History Notes:
Battle of Adairsville GA
Adairsville, GA., May 16-18, 1864. 4th Corps, Army of the
Cumberland. Gen. Walker's division of Hardee's (Confederate)
corps, consisting of the brigades of Gist, Mercer, Jackson and
Stevens, had been at Calhoun for several days. On the morning
of the 16th, the 4th corps, Army of the Cumberland, Maj.-Gen.
O. O. Howard commanding, crossed the Oostanaula river over a
bridge that had been burned, but which members of the
organization had repaired, and after driving in the
Confederate skirmishers, encamped Near Calhoun. In the
afternoon Hardee's skirmish line was strengthened and an
advance, with a view to developing the Federal strength, was
made by Walker and Cleburne. About 1 A. M., May 17, Hardee's
corps retired slowly, holding the Federals in check with
cavalry and reached Adairsville 7 Miles from Calhoun, about
noon. Newton's division was in the Federal advance. Until
late in the afternoon there was heavy skirmishing with the
cavalry of Cheatham and Wheeler who intrenched themselves in
several strong positions along the road, from each of which
they were dislodged. That Day Johnston's Army at Adairsville
was reinforced by French's division of Polk's corps and
William H. Jackson's division. On the morning of the 18th,
the Federals at Adairsville found that Johnston had gone.
Hardee's corps had marched to Kingston, Polk's and Hood's to
Cassville. Johnston had intended to turn back and meet the
column following him from Adairsville. On the 19th, Polk
started back on the Adairsville road and Hood on a road
parallel with it. Learning that Federals were approaching in
the rear and right of the position that he had just vacated,
Hood fell back and took position beyond the Canton Road. The
Confederates, according to Gen. Thomas' report had "fallen
back in echelon of divisions steadily and in superb order into
Bartow County Facts:Seat: Cartersville
Formed from: Cherokee (originally Cass)
Adairsville is situated 219 meters above sea level.